Bharat Ratna Award Winners:

Bharat Ratna is the nation’s highest honor which is awarded for exceptional and distinguished services of a high order in any field i.e., art, literature, science and public service.

YearWinnerBirth-DeathOccupationState
1954C. Rajagopalachari1878–1972Last Governor-General, Freedom FighterTamil Nadu
1954C. V. Raman1888–1970Nobel-prize winning PhysicistTamil Nadu
1954Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan1888–1975Second President, First Vice President, PhilosopherTamil Nadu
1955Bhagwan Das1869–1958Literature, Freedom FighterUttar Pradesh
1955Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya1861–1962Civil Engineer, Dam Architect, Diwan of Princely state of MysoreKarnataka
1955Jawaharlal Nehru1889–1964First Prime Minister, Freedom Fighter, AuthorUttar Pradesh
1957Govind Ballabh Pant1887–1961Freedom Fighter, Home MinisterUttarakhand
1958Dhondo Keshav Karve1858–1962Educationist, Social Reformer, Awarded in his birth centenary yearMaharashtra
1961Purushottam Das Tandon1882–1962Freedom Fighter, EducationistUttar Pradesh
1961Bidhan Chandra Roy1882–1962Physician, Politician, Former Chief Minister of West BengalWest Bengal
1962Rajendra Prasad1884–1963First President, Freedom Fighter, JuristBihar
1963Pandurang Vaman Kane1880–1972Indologist and Sanskrit scholarMaharashtra
1963Zakir Hussain1897–1969Former President, ScholarAndhra Pradesh
1966Lal Bahadur Shastri1904–1966Posthumous, Second Prime Minister, Freedom FighterUttar Pradesh
1971Indira Gandhi1917–1984Former Prime MinisterUttar Pradesh
1975V. V. Giri1894–1980Former President, Trade UnionistOrissa
1976K. Kamaraj1903–1975Posthumous, Freedom Fighter, Chief Minister-Tamil NaduTamil Nadu
1980Mother Teresa1910–1997Nobel Laureate (Peace, 1979)West Bengal
1983Vinoba Bhave1895–1982Posthumous, Social Reformer, Freedom FighterMaharashtra
1987Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan1890–1988First non-citizen, Freedom FighterPakistan
1988M. G. Ramachandran1917–1987Posthumous, Chief Minister-Tamil Nadu, ActorTamil Nadu
1990B. R. Ambedkar1891–1956Posthumous, Architect-Indian Constitution,Social Reformer, Economist and ScholarMaharashtra
1990Nelson Mandela1918–Second non-citizen and first non-Indian, Leader of Anti-Apartheid movementSouth Africa
1991Rajiv Gandhi1944–1991Posthumous, Former Prime MinisterNew Delhi
1991Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel1875–1950Posthumous, Freedom Fighter, First Home Minister of IndiaGujarat
1991Morarji Desai1896–1995Former Prime Minister, Freedom FighterGujarat
1992Abul Kalam Azad1888–1958Posthumous, Freedom Fighter, First Education Minister of IndiaWest Bengal
1992J. R. D. Tata1904–1993Industrialist and philanthropistMaharashtra
1992Satyajit Ray1922–1992Film directorWest Bengal
1997A. P. J. Abdul Kalam1931–Former President, scientistTamil Nadu
1997Gulzarilal Nanda1898–1998Freedom Fighter, former Prime Minister.Punjab
1997Aruna Asaf Ali1908–1996Posthumous, Freedom FighterWest Bengal
1998M. S. Subbulakshmi1916–2004Carnatic music vocalistTamil Nadu
1998Chidambaram Subramaniam1910–2000Freedom Fighter, Minister of Agriculture (Father of Green revolution)Tamil Nadu
1998Jayaprakash Narayan1902–1979Posthumous, Freedom Fighter, Social ReformerBihar
1999Ravi Shankar1920–Sitar playerUttar Pradesh
1999Amartya Sen1933–Nobel-prize winning EconomistWest Bengal
1999Gopinath Bordoloi1890–1950Posthumous, Freedom fighter, Chief MinisterAssam
2001Lata Mangeshkar1929–SingerMaharashtra
2001Ustad Bismillah Khan1916–2006Classical musician, shehnai maestroBihar
2008Bhimsen Joshi1922–2011Hindustani Classical vocalistKarnataka


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